In practice, to follow the hio-PCCM approach, a state creates an organization (sometimes called a „health authority“) that is not itself a health care provider, but meets the state`s insurance requirements and is prepared to award payment contracts for all or most acute care. The state then requested a waiver from the health care administration to allow the HIO to implement a PCCM DE system. The HIO awards sub-contracts with health care providers (primary physicians and clinics, specialists and hospitals) and pays them in a variety of ways, including compensation, partial debt per capita, plan or prospective payment based on diagnostic groups. Savings from the state and the Health Care Financing Administration are virtually guaranteed, as the HIO receives a fixed rate per capita below the equivalent costs estimated under the service pricing system – often 95 percent. The head/head rate generally varies depending on the category of aid covered by the HIO. Health insurance companies use premiums to control health care costs. Capitation payments control the use of health resources by exposing the physician to financial risk to patient services. Some argue that capitation is a more cost-effective and responsible model of health, and there is evidence to support this assertion. A review of the 2009 studies indicated that the coverage was the least expensive in groups with moderate health needs, with practices reporting fewer illnesses and more enrollment than service-based pricing practices. The Citicare program in Louisville, Kentucky, an HIO, worked well in its per capita debt revenues, saving about 10 percent more than originally estimated (Ami 1984). However, there has been opposition to the plan of some doctors. Some consumers have complained that it is difficult to obtain transfers for specialized medical care; Political considerations also seem to have played a role.
The program was discontinued in June 1984. After a three-year break, the state is implementing a similar program across the country. When the primary care provider signs a top performance agreement, a list of specific services that must be made available to patients will be included in the contract. The level of the per capita plan is determined in part by the number of benefits provided and varies from one health plan to another, but most payments for primary care services are as follows: the level of payments received by providers and the method of payment are of great importance in case management programs. It is therefore not surprising that the very complex process of setting interest rates (for example. B fixing the head/head rate for HMos or IOS) has become one of the key themes of the long-term viability of these programs. Many programs have implemented actuarial consultants to help them address the many important technical, equity and policy issues related to initial definition and adaptation through the development and updating of these rates. Changes in methods or assumptions from year to year can destabilize or demystify the supplier community or significantly improve relationships. The financial risks incurred by economic operators are traditional insurance risks. Supplier revenues are defined and each registered patient requests all of the supplier`s resources.
In exchange for fixed remuneration, physicians essentially become registered client insurers, who shed light on their patients` rights at the time of care and assume responsibility for their unknown future health costs.      Large suppliers tend to manage risk better than small suppliers because they are better prepared for fluctuations in demand and service costs, but even large suppliers are inefficient risk managers compared to large insurers.