Any deal has to be safe. If the agreement is not safe or unable to be secured, it is void. In India, the majority is governed by the Indian Majority Act (Act IX of 1875). Each person residing in India obtains the majority after the age of 18. All parties must have agreed on the purpose of the agreement in the same direction. Section 14 states that if the agreement is due to coercion, fraud or error, it is said that it is not „free consent“ and that such a contract is null and void and is not applicable by law. In all cases, the presumption is primarily for the presumption, but the existence or absence of him at the time of awarding the contract is in all cases a question of fact. It does not matter whether the person was delusional at a prior time or post office after the contract was entered into, except that it is likely that a suspicion of the likelihood of such a disorder at the time of the formation of the contract, M`Adam v. Walker (1813) 1 Dow 148 (HL)). The burden of proof of madness rests with the person who affirms it, Mahomed Yakub v. Abdul Quddus (AIR 1923 Pat 18717). In Lakshmi v. Ajay Kumar (AIR 2006 P-H 77), it was found that it was necessary to prove that the place of madness was at the time of the contract.
In Mohanlal Madangopal Marwadi v. Sadasheo Sonak (AIR 1941 Nag 251), it was found that where a person is generally of an unhealthy mind, the weight of evidence that he was healthy at that time is to the person who confirms it. While in the case where a person is generally in a healthy state of mind is the burden of proof that he was in a state of inconsistency of mind, lies on the person who is in a state of validity of the contract. However, in the event of drunkenness or other reasons, it is up to the party who sets up this disability to prove that it existed at the time of the contract, and it must be proven that the party was so drunk that it was not able to understand the importance and effects of an agreement, and also, under English law, that the other party was aware of its condition. Anyone who enters into a contract must be competent. In other words, the person should be at the age of majority, should have a healthy mind and should not be disqualified from any law to which he is subject. Minors, lunatics, the unhealthy and the intoxicated are incompetent to enter into a contract. There are exceptions, however, as defined in section 68. In the event of an exception, the minor or the madman is not personally responsible. Although a minor`s agreement is nullo, his guardian may, in certain circumstances, enter into a valid contract for the minor. If the guardian issues a contract for the minor, which falls within his jurisdiction and benefits the minor, there is a valid contract that a minor can apply. For example, a guardian may enter into an enforceable marriage contract for a minor.
But all contracts made by guardians in the name of a minor are void. For example, the guardian of a minor does not have the right to hire the minor through a land acquisition contract. However, a contract entered into by a legal guardian (appointed by the court) of a minor with the court`s sanction for the sale of the minor`s property may be enforceable by both parties. Each person is contractual in accordance with section 11:- All the ingredients mentioned above must be fulfilled in each valid contract.